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Bibliography

The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. November, 2011.

This is my favorite general use American dictionary. It has intelligent usage notes (except for the spineless one on compose and comprise), it's about English as we use the language, and it has the best etymologies in terms of the Proto-European roots, and the superlative essays and appendices on I.E. and Semitic roots by Calvert Watkins. The abbreviation AHD refers to this dictionary.

Watkins, Calvert. The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo-European Roots..Third edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. September, 2011.

This is not just the Appendix from the AHD; it's more. The entries are expanded.

Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encylopedia of Language. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

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